is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres, Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country. Australia is the oldest, flattest and driest inhabited continent. With the country being so big, there are a number of different climates and habitats through this huge country including tropical rainforests, large rivers, coral reefs, mountain ranges, sandy beaches as well as dry savanna deserts. Australia has a huge variety of animals; some 46% of birds, 69% of mammals, 94% of amphibians, and 93% of reptiles that inhabit the continent are endemic to it. This high level of endemism can be attributed to the continent’s long geographic isolation, tectonic stability, and the effects of a unique pattern of climate change on the soil and flora over geological time. 

Hotspots & Wildlife: 
This is the second-largest and third-most-populous state in Australia boasting an incredible 600 species of birds including 20 endemics. It is bordered to the east by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean and one of the world’s most famous natural wonders the “Great Barrier Reef”. This is the largest and most spectacular coral reef system in the world. Teeming with colourful fish, beautiful corals, marine mammals such as turtles and huge numbers of breeding seabirds. Islands like Michaelmas Cay holds up to 20,000 breeding pairs of Sooty Terns, alongside Common and Brown Noddies, Lesser Crested Terns and Brown Boobies. The Atherton Tableland is a fertile plateau which contains several small remnants of protected rainforest, while the Cape York Region dominates the extreme north of the state and has a bird fauna with strong affinities to New Guinea. Some of the specialities include New Guinea. Riflebirds, Golden Bowerbird, Northern Cassowary, Chowchilla, Fairy Pitta, Monarchs, Fruit-doves, Parrots and Kingfishers. Add to this classic mammals like Echidna, Duck-billed Platypus, several species of kangaroos and wallaby, plusa the ever popular Koala. Lamington National Park is home to a huge array of wildlife including sub-tropical birdlife, reptiles, frogs, mammals, while the Daintree Rainforest represents the world’s oldest tropical rainforest. Boat trips can produce species such as Great-billed Heron and Papuan Frogmouth and surround forests and desert type habit will add much more including Australian Bustard, Lovely Fairy-wren, Victoria’s Riflebird, Tooth-billed Catbird, Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo, Blue-winged Kookaburra, plus possums, crocodiles and pythons.

Tasmania: The island state of Tasmania is located 240 km to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by the Bass Strait. Covering some is 68,401 square kilometres, it is a little bigger than the US state of Florida. However, much of Tasmania is still densely forested, as well as having the mountainous region in the Central Highlands, which covers most of the central western parts of the state. The central east, is fairly flat, and is predominantly used for agriculture, while in the far north west lies the Savage River National Park which is the largest temperate rainforest area in Australia covering about 3,800 square kilometres. Experiencing a relatively cool temperate climate compared to the rest of Australia this island state supports a wealth of rare and interesting species. There are many species of flora are unique to Tasmania, plus some very unique mammals, none more so than the Tasmanian Devil the largest living carnivorous marsupial in the world. Other mammals include Short-beaked Echidna, Duck-billed Platypus and the Australian Fur Seal which can be found around the coastal waters. Among the many bird species there are 12 endemics which include Tasmanian Native Hen, Green Rosella, Dusky Robin, Tasmanian Thornbill, Scrubtit, Yellow Wattlebird, Black-headed and Yellow-throated Honeyeater, Strong-billed Honeyeater, Swift Parrot, Black Currawong, the rare Orange-bellied Parrot and the delightful Forty-spotted Pardalote.

Northern Territory: Home to some of Australia’s most incredible national parks including two World Heritage-listed sites, conservation reserves and wildlife sanctuaries, the northern territory has a lot to offer for the wildlife traveller. Iconic locations such as Kakadu National Park, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park and the remote Alice Springs are all known internationally and draw tourists from all over the world. Within the 20,000 kilometres of World Heritage protected land at Kakadu National Park lives a huge variety of flora and fauna. With roaring waterfalls, expansive wetlands, and rocky escarpments you can find Marsupials such as Wallaby’s and Kangaroos, to Turtles, Quolls, and Bandicoots, both Freshwater and Saltwater Crocodiles, a staggering 117 reptilian species and nearly 300 species of birds. The Alice Springs area holds over 180 species of birds including such special species such as Spinifexbird, Crimson Chat, Dusky Grasswren, Painted Firetail, Singing Honeyeater and the rare Orange Chat or flocks of Budgerigar. With such diverse landscapes of desert, spinifex plains, mulga woodlands, rocky outcrops and waterholes its no wonder there are plenty of other flora and fauna. Mammals include Black-footed Rock Wallaby, Dingo, Rock Ringtail Possum, and among the huge list of reptiles are Ridge-tailed Monitor, Perentie, Thorny Devil and Frill-necked Lizard.


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SPECIES of interest

Lodges in Australia

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