North West Argentina

When visiting this relatively unknown part of Argentina you are guaranteed 2 things, incredible scenery and amazing Wildlife. With over 600 species of Bird and many iconic mammals like the Giant Anteater and Puma, visiting this beautiful part of the country will not be a disappointment.

North West Argentina is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay in the North and Chile to the West and is famed for being one of the most scenic area’s in South America. This incredibly varied region of Argentina has a great diversity of natural habitats, ranging from Yungas Cloud forest to dry Chaco Woodlands. The three provinces in the northwestern most part of Argentina, Jujuy, Salta and Tucuman, host some pristine representatives of these habitats, all worth visiting for birders and wildlife enthusiasts to find some of the countries most sort after species. As a country, Argentina has just over 1,000 species of bird and this relatively unknown part of the country hosts over 600 of those species including the endemic Moreno’s Ground Dove, Sandy Gallito, Monte Yellow-finch and the rare Tucuman Mountain-finch. 

Hotspots & Wildlife:
Calilegua National Park: 
Calilegua National Park is a federal protected area in Jujuy province Argentina and is the largest National park in North West Argentina. The park has a subtropical climate, temperatures fluctuate between 17 °C in the winter  to 28 °C in the summer. The park has a beautiful landscape which includes Yungus Cloud Forest. The park is one of the bird watching hot spots in Northern Argentina and has many important species like the White-throated AntpittaYungas Manakin, Cream-backed Woodpecker and the rare Buff-fronted Owl. It is also possible to see a number of mammals here including South America’s largest mammal, the Brazilian Tapir. The park is also home to several species of cat including the Jaguar, Ocelot and Jaguarundi but these are rarely ever seen. 

Humahuaca & the high Andes: Humahuaca is a city in the province of Jujuy, Argentina. It is located north of Tilcara, in the colourful valley Quebrada de Humahuaca, east of the central Andean altiplano. The main habitat in the area is Puna, meaning there are a range of rare and restricted species to see. One of the main birding spots in the region is lake Pozuelos, this high altitude lake is a wildlife hotspot and is home to a number of interesting species like the James’s Flamingo and Horned Coot, the lake is also good for a number of Andean species like the Andean Lapwing, Andean Goose and Andean Gull. Driving the long roads through the vast open habitat you might also be able to spot species like the Puna and Ornate Tinamou along with a number of Mammals like the Vicuna and Guanaco. The Humahuaca Canyon is also a great area to search for the rare endemic Moreno’s Ground Dove, other species you could encounter are the D’Orbigny’s Chat-tyrant and Andean Hillstar. 

Yala Valley: Just south of the Humahuaca Valley lays the small village of Yala and the Yala River, which is bordered by lush Yungas cloud forest. Exploring this area is a must for birders and a short walk up the river you could see the incredible Rufous-throated Dipper and Torrent Duck. Further up the valley once you reach the Yungas Cloud forest you could have a chance to spot the rare Red-faced Guan and Yungas Pygmy Owl. Certain area’s of the valley are worth visiting at night as you might encounter the Lyre-tailed Nightjar, which nests in the valley.

For more Accommodations and lodges throughout Argentina – Click here


SPECIES of interest

Lodges in North West Argentina

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Places To Stay

To see full details of each accommodation please click on a photo to be taken to our main Wildlife Lodges webpage

  • Species – 667

Southern Lapwing


Sandy Gallito (Endemic)
White-browed Tapaculo (Endemic)
Chaco Owl
Yungas Manakin
Rufous-throated Dipper
Spotted Nightingale-Thrush
Rufous-bellied Mountain-Tanager
Tucuman Mountain-finch (Endemic)
Band-tailed Earthcreeper (Endemic)
Burrowing Parrot
Spot-winged Falconet
Black-legged Seriema
Black-bodied Woodpecker
Cream-backed Woodpecker
Buff-fronted Owl
Black-and-chestnut Eagle
Andean Condor
Diademed Sandpiper-plover

Horned Coot
Red-tailed Comet
Wedge-tailed Hillstar
Lyre-tailed Nightjar
Moreno’s Ground-Dove (Endemic)
James’s Flamingo
Red-faced Guan
Ringed Teal
Orinoco Goose
Coscoroba Swan
Quebracho Crested-Tinamou
Tataupa Tinamou
Andean Hillstar
Montane Forest Screech-Owl
Tucuman Parrot
Yungas Pygmy Owl
White-throated Antpitta
White-throated Cacholote (Endemic)

Full Bird List  
  • Species – 398
    (All of Argentina)

  • Endemics  87
    (All of Argentina)

Chacoan Mara


Puma/Mountain Lion
Giant Anteater
Gray Brocket
Southern Viscacha
Andean Cavy
Southern Dwarf Cavy
Black Howler Monkey
Geoffroy’s Cat
Crab-eating Racoon
Andean Red Fox
Pampas Cat
Red Yungas Squirrel
Brown Capuchin
Crab-eating Fox

Brazilian Tapir
Collared Peccary
Neotropical River Otter
Chacoan Peccary
Marsh Deer
Giant Hairy Armadillo
Nine-banded Armadillo
Bolivian Squirrel
South American Coati
Spectacled Bear
Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo
Red Brocket Deer
Molina’s Hog-nosed Skunk
Lesser Grison
South American Gray Fox
Screaming Hairy Armadillo

Full Mammal list