South East Brazil

The South East of Brazil is best known for its extensive areas of Atlantic Forest, a South American forest that extends along the Atlantic coast of Brazil, and also inland into northeast Argentina and eastern Paraguay. With an extraordinarily lush biodiversity it remains one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet, second only to the Amazon. The Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves, in the Brazilian states of Paraná and São Paulo, contain some of the best and most extensive examples of this. These 25 protected areas, covering some 470,000ha, are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The ongoing destruction of this incredibly diverse habitat has resulted in just 10% or the original forest remaining and the many species of flora and fauna that are left include many that are endemic and many that are threatened with extinction. Among this incredible diversity of life is 264 mammal species, nearly 1,000 birds, 456 amphibians, over 300 reptiles, and 350 freshwater fish. Of these it is calculated that 31% are endemic, meaning they are found nowhere else in the world. Some of the very special forest mammals include Lion Tamarin, Southern Muriqui, Blond Capuchin, Maned Sloth and Thin-spined Porcupine.

Hotspots & Wildlife: 
Itatiaia National Park: Brazil’s oldest national park created in 1937 is located in Itatiaia, within the Mantiqueira mountain range, between the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. The highest mountain within the park is the Agulhas Negras peak, with a height of 2 790.94m. From these highlands to the moist wet forests of the lowlands this park holds a very diverse flora and fauna each adapted to the area’s different climates. The higher part of the park contains the origins of 12 river basins that supply the Rio Grande, a tributary of the Paraná River, and the Paraíba do Sul, the most important river in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The lower part of the park has lush Atlantic Forest vegetation with wide rivers, natural pools and impressive waterfalls. Itatiaia NP provides a home to many of Brazil’s endemic species of birds including specialties such as Saffron Toucanet, Red-breasted Toucan, Purple-crowned Plovercrest, Surucua Trogon, Blond-crested Woodpecker, Short-tailed Antthrush, Itatiaia Spinetail, Slaty Bristlefront, Black-capped Piprites, Shrike-like and Black-and-Gold Cotinga. In fact it has an impressive bird list of around 360 species. You can  add to this over 50 species of mammal that include Puma, Margay, Ocelot, Jaguarundi, the newly discovered Southern Tiger Cat, and primates such as Black Capuchin, Northern Muriquis and Black-fronted Titi.

Três Picos State Park: The Três Picos State Park is situated in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and preserves a large, mountainous region of Atlantic Forest. The park is named after the Três Picos (Three Peaks) mountains, which reach 2,316 metres (7,598 ft) in altitude, and are considered to be the center of the Serra do Mar range. Vegetation ranges from dense sub-montane rainforest to cloud forest and alpine meadows, each with its own set of special flora and fauna. Created in 2002, with the aim of preserving one of the few remaining tracts of original Atlantic Rainforest and protecting some of the many endemic species that can be found here, it covers a total area of about 46,350 hectares (114,500 acres). Several rivers wind through the forests and great patches of Bamboo and other low vegetation provide homes for species such Bay-chested Warbling Finch, Diademed Tanager, Blue-billed Black Tyrant and Rufous-tailed Antbird. Higher altitude birds include Grey-winged Cotinga, Black and Gold Cotinga, Serra do Mar Tyrannulet, Brazilian Antthrush, Mouse-coloured Tapaculo and Itatiaia Thistletail. The Eco-Lodge Itororó is the perfect base to stay in order to see many of the Atlantic rainforest endemics and has recorded over 170 species of birds including 59 endemics all within the lodge’s grounds.

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accommodations

SPECIES of interest

Lodges in South East Brazil

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Places To Stay

To see full details of each accommodation please click on a photo to be taken to our main Wildlife Lodges webpage